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Tool: Observing with the selective verbatim scripting technique

This technique is a form of scripting, however the focus is narrower. Record everything that is said within a certain category or focus area.

Categories of teacher talk

Categories of student talk

Questions

Questions

Responses to questions

Responses to questions

Responses to statements

Responses to statements

Directions or assignments

Student-initiated statements

Information statements

Reward and praise statements

Criticisms and constructive feedback

Management statements

Example

Observation Notes:

TEACHER QUESTIONS Teacher: Ann K. Lesson: Penguins Date: 5/14/04 Observer: Dan B.

Children and teacher are sitting on rug in a circle

Time    Question

1:15     WHAT DO YOU THINK PENGUINS EAT? DO THEY EAT WHAT WE EAT?

1:17     DOES ANYONE HAVE A DIFFERENT IDEA?

1:18     ANYONE ELSE?

1:20     WHY DO YOU THINK PENGUINS WOULD EAT BIRDS?

1:21     ARE PENGUINS BIRDS?

1:22    WHY DO YOU THINK PENGUINS WOULD EAT FISH?

1:26     SHOULD WE READ A LITTLE FROM THIS BOOK TO FIND OUT WHAT

             PENGUINS DO EAT?

Analysis suggestions:

  • Examine number of open vs. closed questions
  • Examine cognitive level of questions
  • Examine the number of probing and follow-up questions
  • Examine the use of multiple questions at one time